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Mammal. The impala is a species of antelope. Standing 90 centimeters (3 feet) tall, they can leap 3 meters (10 feet) in the air and reach 9 meters (30 feet) in a single bound. Extremely sociable, they live in herds of hundreds of individuals. Only males have horns. During the mating season each adult male establishes a territory. Male impalas attract females or warn off other males by repeatedly sticking out their tongues in a display known as “tongue flashing.” When in danger, impalas will explode in a group, leaping, zig-zagging, and even jumping over and across one another to confuse predators.
Scientific Name Lifespan
Aepyceros melampus 12-15 years
Herbivore. Green grass, flowers, herbs, sprouts, green foliage, seedpods. The impala is both a grazer (eating plants on the ground) and a browser (eating leaves on trees). Most herbivores are one or the other.
Predators and Threats
Lions, hyenas, wild dogs, crocodiles, leopards, eagles, and cheetahs. Baboons prey on young.
Short grass with medium or dense stands of bush, permanent water supply; Africa.